A Brief History
The Island of Zanzibar – also known as Spice Island – consists of two main islands, Pemba and Unguja with some 50 smaller islands surrounding the archipelago. The main island, known by the locals as Unguja, and confusingly, simply as Zanzibar internationally, is the most developed of the two islands.
Zanzibar is located about 40 kilometres (25 miles) off the coast of Africa, in the Indian Ocean, approximately five degrees south of the Equator. The population of Zanzibar is about 800,000 people of which 150,000 are found on Pemba. The majority of people inhabit the city of Stonetown. Many of the rural people prefer the fertile Northern side of the island, while the East Coast offers the most spectacular beaches and holiday destinations.